Mexico Travel Guide

Author: Crystal
Author: Crystal

“The most beautiful in the world is, of course, the world itself.” - Wallace Stevens

A Complete Travel Guide for your luxurious vacation in Mexico!

For those planning a vacation in Mexico, this diverse nation offers a wide range of experiences. You can explore ancient sites like Chichen Itza and Teotihuacan, enjoy the bustling atmosphere of Mexico City, relax on the beaches of Playa del Carmen, and wander through the charming streets of Oaxaca.

Mexican cuisine ranges from tasty street tacos to flavorful mole(sauce) dishes, and the friendly locals enhance the overall experience. Mexico combines a rich history with modern attractions for a memorable vacation.

Table of Contents
plane shadow in crystal clear water

Getting There

Most countries offers flights directly into Mexico, connecting or direct flights via the USA are also available.

Booking in advance is recommended! Here are a list of international airports in Mexico.

Mexico City International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez)

Located in Mexico City, it is the largest and busiest airport in the country, offering numerous international flights.

Cancún International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional de Cancún)

Located in Cancún, this airport serves as a major entry point for tourists traveling to the Yucatan Peninsula and the Riviera Maya.

Guadalajara International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional de Guadalajara)

Located in Guadalajara, it’s the second-largest airport in Mexico and an important hub for domestic and international flights.

Monterrey International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional de Monterrey)

Located in Monterrey, this airport serves the northeastern region of Mexico and has international connections.

Tijuana International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional de Tijuana)

Located near the U.S.-Mexico border, Tijuana’s airport provides convenient access to the southern California region in the United States.

Aeropuerto Internacional de Puerto Vallarta (Puerto Vallarta International Airport)

Located in Puerto Vallarta, it caters to tourists visiting the Pacific coast of Mexico.

Aeropuerto Internacional de Los Cabos (Los Cabos International Airport)

Located in San José del Cabo, it serves the popular tourist destinations of Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo.

Aeropuerto Internacional de Mérida (Mérida International Airport)

Located in Mérida, it serves the Yucatan Peninsula and provides international connections.

Aeropuerto Internacional de Oaxaca (Oaxaca International Airport)

Located in Oaxaca, it offers international flights in addition to domestic services.

Domestic Flights:

Mexico has a well-developed domestic flight network. Major cities have airports with frequent flights, making it convenient to travel longer distances within the country. Airlines like Aeroméxico, Volaris, and Interjet operate domestic routes.

Yellow Taxi

Transportation in Mexico:

Getting around Mexico is relatively easy, thanks to a variety of transportation options. Whether you want to travel locally or domestically there are many way for you to make your way around the country. Here are the most common ways to get around the Mexico:


Buses are a popular and cost-effective means of transportation in Mexico. There are various types of buses, from luxury coaches to economical options. Companies like ADO, ETN, and Primera Plus offer comfortable long-distance bus services. Local buses and colectivos (shared vans) are available for shorter routes within cities.


Mexico has limited passenger train services, but there are scenic train routes like “El Chepe” in the Copper Canyon region. These provide a unique travel experience.

Metro and Light Rail:

Major cities like Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey have metro and light rail systems that are affordable and efficient for navigating within the city.

Taxis and Ridesharing:

Taxis are readily available in most cities. In addition to traditional taxis, ridesharing services like Uber and DiDi operate in many Mexican cities.

Car Rentals:

Renting a car is a convenient option, especially if you want to explore less-traveled areas. Most major international car rental companies have a presence in Mexico.

Ferries and Boats:

In coastal areas, ferries and boats can be used to travel between islands, coastal cities, or to reach destinations like Isla Holbox or Cozumel.


In some cities, like Mexico City, there are bike-sharing programs and bike lanes, making it possible to explore urban areas on two wheels. In more rural areas, cycling can be a good option for leisurely travel.


In city centers and tourist areas, walking is an excellent way to explore. Many cities have pedestrian-friendly zones and promenades.

Transport travel tip:

When traveling in Mexico, especially if you’re using public transportation, be prepared for different levels of service and comfort depending on the region. Always consider factors such as safety, distance, and local customs when choosing your mode of transportation. Additionally, research the specific transportation options available in the region you plan to visit, as some remote areas may have limited choices.



Mexican Peso

The currency used in Mexico is the Mexican Peso, abbreviated as “MXN” or represented by the “$” sign. Banknotes and coins in various denominations are used for daily transactions, and the currency is readily accepted throughout the country.

Banknotes and Coins: Mexican banknotes come in various denominations, with the most common being 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, and 1,000 pesos. Coins are also widely used and are available in denominations of 5, 10, and 20 pesos, as well as smaller centavo coins (100 centavos make up 1 peso).

Currency Symbol: The symbol for the Mexican Peso is “$.” This symbol closely resembles the dollar sign used for the United States dollar, but it is often distinguished from the U.S. dollar by the addition of two vertical lines or slashes through the “S,” making it “$$.” These lines help clarify that the currency being referred to is the Mexican Peso and not the U.S. dollar.

Widespread Acceptance: The Mexican Peso is widely accepted throughout the country, and you can use it for various transactions, including shopping, dining, transportation, and accommodations. Credit and debit cards are also commonly accepted in major cities and tourist areas.

ATMs: ATMs (Automated Teller Machines) are widely available and commonly used in Mexico, making it convenient for both locals and travelers to access cash and conduct financial transactions.

Currency Exchange: You can exchange your foreign currency for Mexican Peso at banks, currency exchange booths, and some hotels. Rates may vary slightly between different providers, so it’s a good idea to compare rates before exchanging.


Mexican Art

Shopping in Mexico offers a delightful blend of traditional and modern experiences, where you can explore a wide range of products and immerse yourself in the country’s vibrant culture. Here’s a description of shopping in Mexico:

Shopping Malls

Here are some of the top malls in Mexico: La Isla Shopping Village (Cancún, Quintana Roo), Santa Fe Shopping Center (Centro Santa Fe) Mexico City and Plaza Forum (Acapulco, Guerrero), Paseo Nuevo (Hermosillo, Sonora) and Plaza Galerías (Torreón, Coahuila).

Local Markets

Mexico is known for its colorful and bustling local markets, where you can find an array of goods, from fresh produce and handcrafted souvenirs to clothing and jewelry. Mercados are excellent places to haggle for prices and interact with local vendors. Some famous markets include Mercado de la Merced in Mexico City, Mercado 28 in Cancún, and Mercado de Abastos in Guadalajara.

Artisanal Crafts

Mexico is renowned for its artisanal craftsmanship. You can shop for beautifully crafted ceramics, textiles, pottery, and intricate handwoven rugs. Markets like the Bazar del Sábado in Mexico City and the markets in Oaxaca are excellent places to discover these treasures.

Textiles and Clothing

Traditional Mexican clothing, such as colorful embroidered blouses (huipiles) and dresses, is a favorite among tourists. In addition to traditional clothing, modern boutiques in urban areas offer contemporary fashion.

Hand-Painted Pottery

Talavera pottery is a well-known Mexican art form, characterized by its intricate hand-painted designs. Puebla and Dolores Hidalgo are renowned for their Talavera pottery.

The Highlights:

Visiting Mexico for the first time promises an exciting adventure filled with diverse experiences and cultural discoveries. One of the highlights is exploring ancient ruins, such as the iconic Chichen Itza, the majestic Teotihuacan, and the mystical Palenque, offering a glimpse into the rich history of the Maya and Aztec civilizations. Vibrant cities like Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey beckon with a mix of modern and historic attractions, including world-class museums, bustling markets, and charming neighborhoods.

Tourists can savor authentic Mexican cuisine, from the tantalizing flavors of street tacos and tamales to the complex richness of mole dishes. Mexico’s beautiful coastline showcases some of the world’s most breathtaking beaches in destinations like Cancún, Playa del Carmen, Tulum, Puerto Vallarta, and beyond, inviting travelers to relax on pristine white sands and swim in crystal-clear waters.

Colonial towns like San Miguel de Allende, Oaxaca City, and Puebla captivate with their picturesque architecture, historic streets, and traditional crafts. The country also hosts vibrant cultural festivals, including the colorful Day of the Dead (Dia de los Muertos) celebrations and the mesmerizing Guelaguetza in Oaxaca, both teeming with music, dance, and elaborate costumes.

Mexico’s diverse landscapes, from lush jungles and cenotes in the Yucatan to the dramatic vistas of the Copper Canyon, offer opportunities to discover exotic wildlife, tropical flora, and outdoor adventures. Engaging with friendly locals provides insights into Mexican culture, traditions, and a warm sense of hospitality, making the first visit to Mexico an unforgettable and enriching journey.


Mexican cuisine is renowned for its diverse flavors and rich culinary traditions. Here are some of the most popular foods that locals commonly enjoy in Mexico:

Local cuisine to try in Mexico

Mexican Sopes


These thick, round tortillas are pinched at the edges to create a border, then topped with refried beans, meat, lettuce, cheese, and crema.

Chiles Rellenos

Chiles Rellenos

Poblano peppers are stuffed with cheese, meat, or a combination of both, then dipped in egg batter and fried. They are often served with a tomato-based sauce.


Mole is a rich, complex sauce made with ingredients like chocolate, chiles, and spices. It's typically served over chicken or turkey and comes in various regional variations, such as mole poblano and mole negro.



Pozole is a hearty soup made from hominy (dried maize kernels) and meat (usually pork or chicken). It's typically garnished with radishes, lettuce, onion, and dried chili flakes.


Chilaquiles are tortilla chips that are simmered in red or green salsa until they soften. They are often topped with crema, cheese, and sometimes eggs.



Tamales consist of masa (corn dough) filled with meats, cheese, or vegetables, wrapped in corn husks, and steamed. They are a popular street food.

Culture & Customs:

Mexico boasts a rich and multifaceted culture with a tapestry of customs and traditions deeply ingrained in the daily lives of its people. 

Here are some key aspects of Mexican culture and customs:


Spanish is the official language, but many Mexicans also speak indigenous languages like Nahuatl, Maya, and Zapotec. Mexico's regional accents and dialects can vary significantly.


Mexico is predominantly Catholic, and religious traditions are integral to the culture. Festivals, processions, and religious holidays are celebrated with great fervor. The Day of the Dead (Dia de los Muertos) is one of the most famous and vibrant Mexican religious traditions.


Mexicans are renowned for their warm and welcoming nature. Visitors are often greeted with open arms, and hospitality is a cherished cultural value.

Festivals and Celebrations

Mexico hosts a multitude of festivals throughout the year. These include regional fiestas, religious celebrations, and national holidays like Independence Day (Dia de la Independencia).

Traditions and Customs

Mexico's customs are deeply rooted in traditions related to life events, including weddings, quinceañeras (a girl's fifteenth birthday), baptisms, and religious ceremonies.

Respect for Nature

Environmental awareness is an important cultural value, with Mexicans often incorporating respect for nature and conservation practices into their way of life.

Family and Community

Family plays a central role in Mexican culture. Multigenerational households are common, and respect for elders is deeply ingrained. Mexican communities are often close-knit, and social interactions are warm and welcoming.


Mexico experiences a variety of climate patterns due to its diverse geography, so the exact seasons can vary depending on the region. 

Statue in Mexico City

Generally, Mexico can be divided into three main climate zones:

Northern Mexico:

Desert Climate: Northern Mexico, near the U.S. border, experiences a desert climate with hot summers and cooler winters. There can be temperature extremes in the summer, with very high temperatures, and colder temperatures in the winter.

Lowland Coastal Areas:

  • Hot and Humid Season (Verano): This season typically runs from May to October and is characterized by high temperatures and high humidity. It coincides with the rainy season, which can bring heavy, intermittent rain showers.
  • Cool and Dry Season (Invierno): This season typically runs from November to April and features more moderate temperatures and lower humidity levels. It is the most popular time for tourism in coastal areas.

Central Highlands:

  • The central highlands of Mexico, including Mexico City, have a temperate climate with relatively mild temperatures year-round. Summers can be warm, and winters can be cooler, but extreme cold is rare.

Tourist & Visa Information for Mexico

Entry Requirements:

  1. Passport: You will need a valid passport to enter Mexico. Ensure that your passport has at least six months of validity remaining beyond your planned departure date.

  2. Tourist Card (FMM): Most tourists travelling to Mexico by air will receive a tourist card, also known as a Forma Migratoria Multiple (FMM), on the flight or upon arrival. This card must be filled out and kept with you throughout your stay. The FMM allows tourists to stay in Mexico for up to 180 days.

  3. Visa Requirements: Depending on your citizenship, you may or may not require a visa to enter Mexico as a tourist. Citizens of many countries, including the United States, Canada, the European Union, Australia, and many others, do not need a visa for stays under 180 days. However, it’s essential to check the specific visa requirements based on your nationality before traveling.

Related links:

For visa information:

Note: Please double-check the above links and requirements before making travel arrangements, as they are subject to change.

COVID information:

All COVID-19 travel restrictions for entry into Mexico have been removed, and face masks are no longer required.


In summary, Mexico is a captivating blend of culture, history, and natural wonders, offering travelers a diverse array of experiences. The warm hospitality of the Mexican people, coupled with their deep-rooted traditions and mouthwatering cuisine, ensures a welcoming and enriching journey.

Whether you seek adventure, relaxation, or cultural immersion, Mexico promises an unforgettable voyage that leaves a lasting mark on your heart. With its rich history, stunning scenery, and hospitable locals, Mexico invites you to embrace its boundless wonders, awakening your senses and nurturing your spirit.

Arial View of Cancun in Mexico

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